Smyrnea Settlement NRHP Multiple Property Submission


The National Register of Historic Places (NRHP) is the official list of the Nation's historic places worthy of preservation. Authorized by the National Historic Preservation Act of 1966, the National Park Service's NHRP is part of a national program to coordinate and support public and private efforts to identify, evaluate, and protect America's historic and archeological resources. In 2007, the National Park Service listed the Smyrnea Settlement Multiple Property Submission in the NRHP.

"The historical data indicate that the Smyrnea settlement encompassed more than 40,000 acres and that the area of intensive occupation was some 8 miles long and a mile wide. All of this could be thought of as a single “site” but that would be impractical. For various reasons, discrete units within the colonial setting must be defined as sites. Consequently, it was necessary to utilize modern property boundaries to identify parcels that contain or are likely to contain archaeological sites. Although it is likely that these identified parcels, in their entirety, in the high probability zone contain widespread archaeological evidence of the British Period occupation, only those areas with 18th-century archaeological remains that have been verified by the existence of surface exposures or by subsurface testing are considered eligible for listing in the National Register under this cover. The National Register boundaries will encompass only areas where concentrations of those remains are known to exist or where they are known to have existed in the past, based on standard archaeological testing practices. When further testing reveals the existence of features or artifacts related to the British Period, boundaries can be expanded appropriately. It should be noted that some sites, in addition to their British Period associations, may also contain significant materials or be related to events from later periods (e.g., Old Kings Road and Old Fort Park). The presence of those materials would not prevent the sites from being eligible for nomination under this cover."

Listed Features

  • Turnbull Canal System
  • Airport Clear Zone Archaeological Site at U.S. Highway 1
  • Blanchette Archaeological Site at U.S. Highway 1 and Art Center Avenue
  • First Presbyterian Church Archaeological Site at 600 Magnolia Street
  • Grange Archaeological Site at U.S. Highway 1
  • Hawks Site
  • Janet's Archaeological Site at 804 South Riverside Drive
  • Old Fort Park Archaeological Site at 201 Sams Avenue
  • Old Stone Wharf Archaeological Site at South Riverside Drive and Clinch Street
  • Sleepy Hollow Archaeological Site at Spruce Creek Preserve
  • Turnbull Colonist’s House #1
  • Turnbull Colonist’s House #2 Archaeological Site at U.S. Highway 1
  • White-Fox Archaeological Site at 608 South Riverside Drive